Cladogram lab

Morphological characteristics of Protocetidae are listed in Table Their bones are unusually thick, possibly an adaptation to make the animal heavier counteracting the buoyancy of the water.

Curriculm Map

The author journeys with Goedert into an area which contains fossils of the early whales. Classifying the Rottweiler July 11, by retrieverman One of the most interesting things about trying to classify different dogs in terms of their ancestry and relationship to other extant breeds is how much cultural prejudices come into play.

Creating Phylogenetic Trees from DNA Sequences

The sister taxon of the outgroup is 5. Question 4 In the 21st century, worker bees in bee colonies have been abandoning their queens and are deserting their hives in record numbers. Prior to that, hunting by local natives may be documented from Late Stone Age Scandinavia and eastern North America, [64] as well as from early fifth century Labradorwhere the bird seems to have occurred only as stragglers.

If Dobermanns have just at bit of Rottweiler ancestry, the bulk of their ancestry is actually non-Rottweiler. Need at least 8 sequences Reference: Furthermore, classifying Dobermanns is very difficult. All information, including additional photography available at the Thewissen Lab webpage, Pakicetid, Whales Origin Research.

Investigative Labs: Comprehensive Links

However he did not consider F. If you have limited time, first complete the sample questions and you can separately print the correct answer pages if you want. An example of the latter is the dentition.

The great auks that lived farther north averaged larger in size than the more southerly members of the species.

Glossary of Biological Terms

The Basque name is arponaz, meaning "spearbill". This reflects an accepted standard to specify a cladogram hypothesis with nested parentheses.

They are not in the bulldog family. The neck is relatively long for a cetacean, and the anterior thoracic vertebrae retain high neural spines, like those of land mammals e.

Thewissen Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 26 3: Gene Context Tool - is an incredible tool for visualizing the genome context of a gene or group of genes synteny.

How many total clades are depicted, not including terminal nodes. They were two shells shaped like a pair of grapes and were anchored to the skull by bones in the shape of an S.

Cladograms group life forms in terms of shared new characteristics that indicate commonality of ancestry. The carrying capacity of a biological species in an environment is the maximum population size of the species that the environment can sustain indefinitely, given the food, habitat, water, and other necessities available in the environment.

Cladistics Lab You are a scientist trying to determine the relationship between the organisms below. Using your knowledge of cladistics create a cladogram that represents how these animals are related.


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Use pictures of labware (or the actual labware) to make a dichotomous diagram can be used to organize the labware.

"Cladistics Is a ZipBaggie" uses ziploc bags of varying sizes to produce a files are included for student handouts and much more.

AP Biology Investigative Labs: Comprehensive Links. The following resources appear in the second printing of the AP Biology Investigative Labs: An Inquiry-Based Approach, Teacher Manual Cladogram Lab Activity.

NOVA: The Missing Link (cladogram investigation) Fun. Cladistics Is a Zip Baggie An interactive class demo of cladistics. John Banister-Marx thus forming the basis of a cladogram. CONCEPT use the page showing the 7 nested zip lock baggies to make an overhead to use in your before and/or after-lab discussion (also in.

Biology Laboratory PHYLOGENETIC SYSTEMATICS Objectives 1. To become familiar with the cladistic approach to reconstruction of phylogenies. 2. To construct a character matrix and phylogeny for a group of very unusual organisms. This cladogram tells us that the first event was the evolutionary split into two different lines, one leading.

Cladogram lab
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Cetacean Evolution: The Evolution of Whales, Adapted from National Geographic, November