Indian society needs to become more modern in terms of its own values, resources and opportunities. However, the mobility associated with Sanskritization results only in positional changes in the system and does not lead to any structural change. Also relevant, at a somewhat different level, are the supplanting of God and Nature by Man and Reason as foundational categories, and the consequent predilection for meta-narratives of various kinds, most notably that of Progress.
This process makes the society self-sufficient, healthy and confident. Criteria of Modernity or Measures of Modernisation: Regarding the relationship between tradition and modernity we find three viewpoints in India: Those thinkers who subscribe to the vertical social progress are of the opinion that the transition form tradition to modernity is moot and automatic.
Given the peculiarities of its long pre-history, the study of societal change in India evolved into a much more diverse field of enquiry than that suggested by American modernization theory. Different kinds of institutional and financial support have been provided to researchers by Indian Bombay, Lucknow, and Osmania and foreign universities- Harvard, Chicago, Berkeley, Cornell, and Stanford have been particularly important, while Oxford, the London School of Economics, Stockholm, and McGill have also been involved in facilitating fieldwork or publications.
Finally, dependency of India on World Bank and IMF in the name of economic liberalisation may pose serious threat to Indian political economy. The idea of Dharma tells to a Hindu that if he performs his duties well in this life, he is destined to take birth in a higher social group in the next birth.
They understood the reasons and impact of English, French, American revolutions. Where has India reached after contact with the West. Indian society is getting advanced and better in every aspect of life. In this process the society looks towards the present and existing treasures in one's own culture, civilization and social patterns.
Traditionally, the relationship between the dalits and the upper and the middle castes was that of exploitation through patronage, but following independence due to high degree of politicisation, communication exposure and social awareness the dalits now not only reject and resent the patronage of the upper middle castes but also maintain a hostile competitive relationship with them.
Thus, multi-variable analysis has been adopted to locate and explain the barriers to modernisation in India. However the process of modernisation started during British period was segmental and selective.
Simply put, Indian descriptions of dualism seem discrepant because they are relatively more sophisticated than those elsewhere, at least in the early period of modernization studies. It is not the creation of a new sect but it is new religious form seeking to encapsulate all the earlier sects.
Attempt is made to introduce their goods in India free of duty or payment of nominal duty. Following and adopting something good from other cultures and life styles should not be done at the cost of dignity of own culture.
This was the first step in the expansion of western culture in India. Majority of families, individuals and youth are showing a keen interests in western life styles dressing, housing, outings and partying etc and attitudes professionalism and individualism.
Countries such as Korea and China attempted to adopt a system of isolationism but have ultimately juxtaposed parts of Western culture into their own, often adding original and unique social influences, as exemplified by the introduction of over 1, locations of the traditionally Western fast-food chain McDonald's into China.
The present overview is therefore limited only to work in and around sociology and anthropology that has had a significant influence on the analysis of social change in post-Independence India.
Examples of scholarly attempts to systematically explore such unconventional sites where the peculiarities of Indian modernity find expression include recent studies on social aspects of the film form in India, and new work on the domain of sexuality and its linkages to such varied institutions as the state, the media, the law, and academic disciplines such as demography or anthropology.
These tribal communities are now claiming themselves to be Hindus. The caste system is one expression of this social hierarchy. It also helped upliftment of weaker persons. Majority of families, individuals and youth are showing a keen interests in western life styles (dressing, housing, outings and partying etc) and attitudes (professionalism and individualism).
People most of the times tend to believe modernization and westernization. Westernization of India; Westernization of India. Words Dec 1st, In a essence the question at hand is "Does modernization mean Westernization?" It wants to find out whether there are ways of becoming modern that aren't inspired by western tactics or practices.
often see it as an impact towards the Western world. Westernization is. After reading this article you will learn about: 1. Emergence of Modernization 2. The Theme of Modernization 3. Studying Modernization in India 4.
An Overview of the Literature 5. Social Anthropological Perspectives 6. Tradition-Identified Perspectives 7. Synthetic Overviews 8. Social-PsychologicaI Perspectives 9. Other Disciplines and Perspectives The term ‘Modernisation’ is a broader and complex term.
According to S.H. Alatas, “Modernisation is a process by which modern scientific knowledge is introduced in the society with the ultimate purpose of achieving a better and more satisfactory life in the broadest sense of.
It is also a change that has taken place in India to a large extent. It involves adoption of different life styles, cultural ways, working styles, and even the behavioral patterns of the western. ADVERTISEMENTS: Impact of Modernization on Indian Society!
The impact of the West on India, following Alatas, can be discussed in five phases. The first phase is that of hostile contact with the conquest of Alexander, etc., followed by contact of peaceful interchange as the result of trade and commerce of successive centuries.India towards westernization modernization